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The rights and obligations of the athlete, as well as the role of the coach in the process of combating doping in sports, were the subjects of lectures and forums organized in our club. We have conveyed to you some of the basic answers given during these lectures:
Each year, the World Anti-Doping Agency prepares a list of banned substances that is the same for all athletes around the world. The substances or methods on the list must satisfy two of the three conditions:
Yes, as coaches, you should be aware of results management since coaches may face sanctions because other anti-doping rule violations apply to you. You, as coaches, are exposed to a lot of questions on a daily basis by athletes, first of all regarding the training technique, their schedule and some other areas such as anti-doping. Your influence on athletes is crucial in building their reputation. It takes a lifetime to build a good reputation and just one second to destroy it. It is you who can help athletes get through the doping control process in such a way that they are aware of their rights and obligations.
A minor athlete should be accompanied by a third party from the moment of notification until the end of the doping control procedure. The athlete’s companion observes the doping controller and the doping controller to the athlete during the sampling procedure. A representative of a minor athlete may observe the giving of a sample, but only if it is authorized by the athlete and approved by the doping controller.
The athlete is entitled to his representative to accompany him during the doping control procedure. It can be one of your roles. The athlete has the right to request that the doping controller show him/her his/her accreditation/badge. If he is a disabled athlete he is entitled to modifications in relation to his disability.
Although at first glance it seems extremely complicated cricket is a very interesting and popular sport. It is most similar to baseball, though it is quite different from it. The cricket ground is round or oval, slightly larger than 120 meters in diameter.
The match is played by two teams of 11 players each. There are 11 players on the field at the same time – Fielding Team and 2 Batting Team opponents. Players with sticks are facing each other in the central part of the rectangular playground at the ends of which are goals consisting of 3 tripods and 2 shorts. The players of the fielding team are the pitcher, the catcher and the other 9 players standing in the field. Roughly speaking, half of the team specializes in hitting while the other half is better at pitching.
The goal of the striker is to hit the ball that the pitcher throws at him and hits it so that none of the opposing players catches it. Then he runs to the opposite end and changes place with his teammate. One such change of place is called “run” and is the basic unit of cricket scoring. Four runs are automatically awarded to the kicker who throws the ball out of bounds, and six runs if the kick was such that the ball flew straight out of bounds.
The goal of the fielding team is to prevent the scorer from scoring quick and agile reactions to the rejected ball, as well as throwing the hitter by knocking down his wicket or catching the deflected ball in a so-called flight.
Each team has its innings, a period of play during which time that team plays the role of hitter and for which he scores. At the end of their inning, the role of the striker is given to the opposing team, which seeks to score more runs than them. Each inning consists of a set number of overs, a set of 6 correct pitches by one pitcher. The match can last 20, 30, 40 or 50 overs, depending on the competition.
So one team is in the role of hitter 20 overs (120 throws) and during that time he tries to get as many runs as possible, thus making the task more difficult for opponents.
Cricket is one of the most massive sports in the world with a quite large fanbase. In the countries where it is most represented (England, Australia, India, Pakistan, Jamaica, South Africa, United Arab Emirates…) cricketers are true professionals with star status such as footballers, rugby players, tennis players, etc. They are quite famous. Australia, followed by India, South Africa, Sri Lanka, England, the Caribbean (West Indies), is currently ranked # 1 in the world ranking for the past three years.